What is Rheumatology?
Rheumatology usually deals with rheumatic inflammation and other musculoskeletal diseases that develop as a result of inappropriate immune system functioning.
Rheumatism is a word of ancient Greek origin and has been used to mean a poor accumulation of fluid in the joints. Although rheumatic diseases have been known since 8000 years BC, our knowledge about the causes, course and treatment of diseases increased with the development of Rheumatology in the 20th century.
Undoubtedly, one of the most important complaints that brings the patient to a physician is Ağrı. Pain is one of the most important symptoms of rheumatic diseases. However, it should be kept in mind that pain is in the background, or even rheumatic diseases that do not cause any pain.
Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Specialist, Orthopedist and other specialist branches should work as a team in the treatment of rheumatic diseases.
Treatment of rheumatic diseases that cause a variety of complaints and organ involvement is now possible in today's conditions. In recent years, accelerated drug research has led to the treatment of rheumatism. However, most rheumatic diseases do not completely disappear. It requires continuous physician-patient cooperation. it should be noted that the disease may occasionally flare. The treatment is long lasting and may last even a lifetime. The aim of treatment; The aim of this study is to eliminate the symptoms, prevent possible organ involvement and maintain the patient's life comfort at the highest level.
Common causes of rheumatic diseases are listed below:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Spondylarthropathies and ankylosing spondylitis
- Behcet 's disease
- Connective tissue diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, mixed connective tissue disease, Sjögren's syndrome and dermatomyositis, polymyositis
- Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
- Vascular inflammations: polyarteritis nodosa, Takayasu arteritis, giant cell arteritis and other systemic vasculitis
- Familial Mediterranean Fever
- Acute joint rheumatism
- Reactive arthritis
- Crystal arthritis
- Infectious arthritis
- Metabolic and degenerative diseases: osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, osteomalacia and Paget's disease
Rheumatic manifestations of other systemic diseases